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J Biol Chem. 2005 Apr 15;280(15):14556-62. Epub 2005 Feb 6.

Tyrosine phosphorylation of beta3 integrin provides a binding site for Pyk2.

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  • 1Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York 13210, USA.

Abstract

Integrins expressed on leukocytes possess the ability to maintain themselves in a non-adhesive state, thus preventing unwarranted adhesion and uncontrolled inflammation. Leukocyte adhesion is regulated through the modulation of integrin receptors such as alpha(V)beta(3). Firm adhesion to the extracellular matrix and directed cellular motility requires the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. The ability of beta(3) to recruit signaling and scaffolding molecules to propagate alpha(V)beta(3) -mediated signals is regulated in part by the phosphorylation of the beta(3) cytoplasmic tail. The identities of integrin-associated signaling molecules within alpha(V)beta(3) podosomes and in particular the proximal binding partners of the beta(3) cytoplasmic tail are not completely known. Here we show that alpha(V)beta(3) ligation induces Pyk2-Tyr-402 phosphorylation and its association with the beta(3) cytoplasmic tail in a beta(3)-Tyr-747 phosphorylation-dependent manner. Pyk2 binding to the beta(3) cytoplasmic tail is direct and dependent upon Pyk2-Tyr-402 and beta(3) -Tyr-747 phosphorylations. These data identify Pyk2 as a phosphorylated beta(3) binding partner, providing a potential structural and signaling platform to achieve alpha(V)beta(3) -mediated remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton.

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