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Magn Reson Med. 2005 Jan;53(1):118-25.

Diffusion tensor imaging of in vivo and excised rat spinal cord at 7 T with an icosahedral encoding scheme.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, 6431 Fannin, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


Regional values of fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (D(av)) of in vivo and excised rat spinal cords were measured using an iscosahedral encoding scheme that is based on 21 uniformly distributed and alternating gradient directions with an echo planar imaging (EPI) readout. Based on the water phantom studies, this scheme was shown to provide unbiased estimation of FA. The stability of the scanner during the acquisition of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data was evaluated. Repeated measurements of the FA values demonstrated excellent reproducibility, as assessed by the Bland-Altman analysis. These studies demonstrated a reduced anisotropy in excised samples relative to in vivo cords. Diffusion in the spinal cord gray matter was shown to be anisotropic. The FA value in the dorsal white matter (WM) was found to be higher relative to the ventral WM. Results from these studies should provide the necessary baseline data for serial in vivo DTI of injured spinal cord.

Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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