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Hum Reprod. 2005 Mar;20(3):709-16. Epub 2005 Feb 2.

Ultrasound-guided embryo transfer and the accuracy of trial embryo transfer.

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  • 1Cornell Center for Reproductive Medicine, 505 East 70th Street, 3rd floor, New York, NY 10021, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Studies have suggested that ultrasound-guided embryo transfer (UG-ET) may improve the outcome in IVF; however, several factors may account for the improvement in pregnancy rate. This study examines the use of ultrasound to determine the accuracy of trial transfer (TT) in preparation for ET.

METHODS:

Sixty-seven consecutive patients prospectively underwent UG-ET over a 2 month period. Total cavity length by US was compared with the length noted by TT. A difference of > or = 1 cm was considered significant. All embryos were placed within 1-2 cm of the fundus by US.

RESULTS:

Twenty patients (29.9%) had a difference of > or = 1 cm and 13 patients (19.4%) had a difference of < or = 1.5 cm. Patients with a difference of > or = 1 or > or = 1.5 cm had a significantly greater depth at transfer (P < 0.001) and uterine cavity length (P < 0.001) when compared with patients without a difference. Clinical pregnancy, implantation, delivery and overall miscarriage rates did not differ between patients with a difference of > or = 1 or > or = 1.5 cm versus no difference. There were no ectopic pregnancies.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nineteen percent of patients had a discrepancy of > or = 1.5 cm and approximately 30% had a difference of > or = 1 cm from TT at UG-ET, suggesting a benefit to UG-ET. A large prospective randomized trial comparing UG-ET with blind transfer is required to assess further if UG-ET should be used in all cases of ET.

PMID:
15689350
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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