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J Biol Chem. 1979 Aug 10;254(15):7137-40.

Cooperative binding of tropomyosin to muscle and Acanthamoeba actin.


Analyses of the binding of tropomyosin to muscle and Acanthamoeba actin by the use of Scatchard plots indicate that the binding exhibits strong positive cooperativity in the presence of Mg2+. The cooperative nature of the binding is not affected by the presence of 80 mm KCl, but appears to decrease somewhat in the presence of heavy meromyosin or subfragment-1. Heavy meromyosin, subfragment-1, and KCl each increase the binding affinity of actin for tropomyosin; depending on the experimental condition and the type of actin involved, the apparent binding constant, Kapp, is in the range of 1 to 4 x 10(6) M-1. Muscle actin cross-linked with glutaraldehyde failed to bind tropomyosin even when heavy meromyosin, subfragment-1, or KCl were added as inducers, although the cross-linked actin still markedly activated the heavy meromyosin ATPase.

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