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Weight gain associated with the -759C/T polymorphism of the 5HT2C receptor and olanzapine.

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  • 1University of Iowa, College of Pharmacy, Iowa, USA. vicki-ellingrod@uiowa.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Weight gain from atypical antipsychotic use has become a significant problem. Recent reports have liked the -759 polymorphism of the 5HT2C receptor and obesity as well as weight gain from chlorpromazine, risperidone, and clozapine.

AIM:

To determine associations between weight gain during olanzapine treatment and the -759C/T polymorphism of the 5HT2C receptor gene.

METHODS:

This study included 42 acutely ill patients with schizophrenia (DSM-IV). Weekly assessments included Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), Scale for Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), and weight measurements. Olanzapine was titrated to a fixed dose (7.5-20 mg/day) for 2-6 weeks. A 24 hr plasma level was obtained at the endpoint visit. Genomic DNA was isolated from a whole blood sample and analyzed for the -759C/T polymorphism of the 5HT2C receptor.

RESULTS:

A chi-square analysis was conducted comparing the distribution of T and C alleles in subjects grouped as gaining more or less than 5, 7, and 10% of their baseline weight during treatment with olanzapine. A threshold of 10% was found to be significant. The distribution of T alleles was higher in subjects not gaining 10% of more of their body weight compared who did gain significant weight (11/27 (40.7%) vs. 0/15 (100%), chi2 = 11.805, P = 0.0035).

CONCLUSIONS:

Subjects with a T allele of the 5HT2C receptor -759C/T polymorphism may have a lower incidence of weight gain from olanzapine over a 6 week period compared to those with the C allele. These results need to be replicated.

Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
15666332
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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