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Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2005;19(4):519-24.

Investigation of the metabolic fate of 2-, 3- and 4-bromobenzoic acids in bile-duct-cannulated rats by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography/inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry/electrospray mass spectrometry.

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  • 1Department of Analytical Chemistry, The Danish University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universitetsparken 2, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.


Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS) has been used to determine the rate and routes of excretion of bromine following the intraperitoneal administration (50 mg kg(-1)) of 2-, 3- and 4-bromobenzoic acids to male bile-duct-cannulated rats. Analysis of urine and bile for (79/81)Br using ICPMS showed that all three bromobenzoic acids were rapidly excreted (82-98%) within 48 h of dosing, primarily via the urine. High-performance liquid chromatography/inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HPLC/ICPMS) was then used to obtain metabolite profiles for bile and urine. These profiles revealed that extensive metabolism had taken place, with the unchanged bromobenzoic acids forming a minor part of the total of compound-related material detected. Concomitant MS studies, supplemented by alkaline hydrolysis, enabled the identification of the major metabolite of all three of the bromobenzoic acids as a glycine conjugate. Ester glucuronide conjugates were also identified, but formed only a small proportion of total.

Copyright 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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