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Cancer Res. 2005 Jan 1;65(1):66-75.

Loss of heterozygosity analysis and DNA copy number measurement on 8p in bladder cancer reveals two mechanisms of allelic loss.

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  • 1Cancer Research UK Clinical Centre, St. James' University Hospital, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Many epithelial tumors show deletion of the short arm of chromosome 8 that is related to aggressive disease or adverse prognosis. In undissected samples of urothelial cell carcinoma of the bladder, at least two regions of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) were identified previously within a small region of 8p11-p12. LOH analysis on a panel of pure tumor DNA samples confirmed this and identified tumors with allelic imbalance, some with clear breakpoints in 8p12. This suggests either that these samples contained genetically distinct subclones or that breakpoints in 8p12 may confer a selective advantage without LOH. To assess the mechanism of LOH and to map breakpoints precisely, a panel of bladder cancer cell lines was examined. Microsatellite analysis of 8p markers identified regions of contiguous homozygosity that coincided with regions of LOH in tumors. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis was carried out on seven cell lines predicted to have 8p LOH using a chromosome 8 paint, a chromosome 8 centromeric probe, and a series of single-copy genomic probes. This revealed overall underrepresentation of 8p and overrepresentation of 8q. Several breakpoints and one interstitial deletion were identified in 8p12. Two cell lines with extensive interstitial regions of homozygosity showed no reduction in DNA copy number by fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis, indicating that, in addition to large deletions and rearrangements of 8p, small regions of interstitial LOH on 8p12 may be generated by mitotic recombination. This implicates both major DNA double-strand break repair mechanisms in the generation of 8p alterations.

PMID:
15665280
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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