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Trends Genet. 1992 Feb;8(2):70-5.

Towards a Drosophila genome map.

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  • 1Department of Genetics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110.


A physical map of the genome of Drosophila melanogaster has been created using 965 yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) clones assigned to locations in the cytogenetic map by in situ hybridization with the polytene salivary gland chromosomes. Clones with insert sizes averaging about 200 kb, totaling 1.7 genome equivalents, have been mapped. More than 80% of the euchromatic genome is included in the mapped clones, and 75% of the euchromatic genome is included in 161 cytological contigs ranging in size up to 2.5 Mb (average size 510 kb). On the other hand, YAC coverage of the one-third of the genome constituting the heterochromatin is incomplete, and clones containing long tracts of highly repetitive simple satellite DNA sequences have not been recovered.

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