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J Immunol. 2005 Feb 1;174(3):1621-9.

A chemotactic peptide from laminin alpha 5 functions as a regulator of inflammatory immune responses via TNF alpha-mediated signaling.

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  • 1Division of Pulmonary and Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine and Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Abstract

Tissue injury triggers inflammatory responses that may result in release of degradation products or exposure of cryptic domains of extracellular matrix components. Previously, we have shown that a cryptic peptide (AQARSAASKVKVSMKF) in the alpha-chain of laminin-10 (alpha5beta1gamma1), a prominent basement membrane component, is chemotactic for both neutrophils (PMNs) and macrophages (Mphis) and induces matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) production. To determine whether AQARSAASKVKVSMKF has additional effects on inflammatory cells, we performed microarray analysis of RNA from RAW264.7 Mphis stimulated with AQARSAASKVKVSMKF. Several cytokines and cytokine receptors were increased >3-fold in response to the laminin alpha5 peptide. Among these were TNF-alpha and one of its receptors, the p75 TNFR (TNFR-II), increasing 3.5- and 5.7-fold, respectively. However, the peptide had no effect on p55 TNFR (TNFR-I) expression. Corroborating the microarray data, the protein levels of TNF-alpha and TNFR-II were increased following stimulation of RAW264.7 cells with AQARSAASKVKVSMKF. In addition, we determined that the production of TNF-alpha and TNFR-II in response to AQARSAASKVKVSMKF preceded the production of MMP-9. Furthermore, using primary Mphis from mice deficient in TNFR-I, TNFR-II, or both TNF-alpha receptors (TNFRs), we determined that AQARSAASKVKVSMKF induces MMP-9 expression by Mphis through a pathway triggered by TNFR-II. However, TNF-alpha signaling is not required for AQARSAASKVKVSMKF-induced PMN release of MMP-9 or PMN emigration. These data suggest that interactions of inflammatory cells with basement membrane components may orchestrate immune responses by inducing expression of cytokines, recruitment of inflammatory cells, and release of proteinases.

PMID:
15661925
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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