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J Immunol. 2005 Feb 1;174(3):1274-80.

Induction of impaired antitumor immunity by fusion of MHC class II-deficient dendritic cells with tumor cells.

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  • 1Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02118, USA.


To dissect the role of Ag presentation through MHC class I and/or II pathways by dendritic cell (DC)-tumor fusion cells, we have created various types of DC-tumor fusion cells by alternating fusion cell partners. Fusions of MC38/MUC1 carcinoma cells with DC from wild-type (WT-DC), MHC class I knockout (IKO-DC), class II knockout (IIKO-DC), or class I and II knockout (I/IIKO-DC) mice created WTDC-fusion cells (FC), IKO-FC, IIKO-FC, and I/IIKO-FC, respectively. MHC class II- and MUC1-positive fusion cells were constructed by fusion of B16/MUC1 melanoma cells with IKO-DC (IKO/B16-FC). Immunization of MUC1 transgenic mice with 5 x 10(5) WTDC-FC, IKO-FC, IIKO-FC, or I/IIKO-FC provided 100, 91.7, 61.5, and 15.4% protection, respectively, against tumor challenge with MC38/MUC1 cells. In contrast, all mice immunized with irradiated MC38/MUC1 tumor cells or WT-DC developed tumors. One group of mice was immunized with 5 x 10(5) IKO/B16-FC and then challenged with B16/Ia(+)/MUC1 on one flank and MC38/MUC1 on the other flank. Immunization of these mice with IKO/B16-FC resulted in 100 and 78.6% protection against B16/Ia(+)/MUC1 and MC38/MUC1 tumor challenge, respectively. The antitumor immunity induced by immunization with IKO/B16-FC was able to inhibit the growth of MHC class II-negative tumor. In addition, in vivo results correlated with the induction of Ag-specific CTL. Collectively, the data indicate that MHC class II Ag presentation targeting activation of CD4 T cells is indispensable for antitumor immunity.

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