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Mol Pharmacol. 2005 Apr;67(4):1325-33. Epub 2005 Jan 18.

Regulation of the Cyp2a5 gene involves an aryl hydrocarbon receptor-dependent pathway.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, P.O. Box 5000, University of Oulu, FIN-90014 Oulun yliopisto, Finland.

Abstract

We have investigated the role of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) in the regulation of the Cyp2a5 gene. The C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mouse strains with a genetically determined difference in AHR function were used to study the CYP2A5 induction by typical AHR ligands, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and 3-methylcholanthrene. The CYP2A5 mRNA up-regulation in these mouse strains showed a difference in response, typical for AHR-regulated genes, both by TCDD in cultured primary hepatocytes and by 3-methylcholanthrene in vivo. In primary hepatocytes, TCDD caused a 3-fold elevation of the CYP2A5 protein level and a similar induction of the CYP2A5-catalyzed coumarin 7-hydroxylation activity. In reporter gene assays, the Cyp2a5 promoter region -3033 to +10 mediated a 2- to 5-fold induction of luciferase activity by TCDD treatment in primary hepatocytes and in Hepa-1 hepatoma cells with an intact AHR/AHR nuclear translocator (ARNT) complex. In Hepa-1 variant cell lines with deficiencies in the AHR/ARNT complex, the absence of ARNT abolished the induction. A putative AHR response element (XRE) was identified in the Cyp2a5 promoter at the position -2514 to -2492 and found to interact with the AHR/ARNT heterodimer. Transfection experiments combined with mutation of the XRE site indicated that the site partly mediates the TCDD induction of Cyp2a5. An additional AHR-dependent mechanism also regulates the proximal promoter of the Cyp2a5 gene. In conclusion, our studies showed that AHR ligands up-regulate Cyp2a5 transcriptionally by an AHR/ARNT-dependent mechanism and established Cyp2a5 as a novel AHR-regulated gene.

PMID:
15657367
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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