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Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Jun;288(6):E1062-6. Epub 2005 Jan 18.

Contraction- and hypoxia-stimulated glucose transport is mediated by a Ca2+-dependent mechanism in slow-twitch rat soleus muscle.

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  • 1Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington Univ. School of Medicine, Applied Physiology, Campus Box 8113, 4566 Scott Ave., St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Abstract

Increases in contraction-stimulated glucose transport in fast-twitch rat epitrochlearis muscle are mediated by AMPK- and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CAMK)-dependent signaling pathways. However, recent studies provide evidence suggesting that contraction-stimulated glucose transport in slow-twitch skeletal muscle is mediated through an AMPK-independent pathway. The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that contraction-stimulated glucose transport in rat slow-twitch soleus muscle is mediated by an AMPK-independent/Ca2+-dependent pathway. Caffeine, a sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-releasing agent, at a concentration that does not cause muscle contractions or decreases in high-energy phosphates, led to an approximately 2-fold increase in 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) uptake in isolated split soleus muscles. This increase in glucose transport was prevented by the SR calcium channel blocker dantrolene and the CAMK inhibitor KN93. Conversely, 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-D-ribofuranoside (AICAR), an AMPK activator, had no effect on 2-DG uptake in isolated split soleus muscles yet resulted in an approximately 2-fold increase in the phosphorylation of AMPK and its downstream substrate acetyl-CoA carboxylase. The hypoxia-induced increase in 2-DG uptake was prevented by dantrolene and KN93, whereas hypoxia-stimulated phosphorylation of AMPK was unaltered by these agents. Tetanic muscle contractions resulted in an approximately 3.5-fold increase in 2-DG uptake that was prevented by KN93, which did not prevent AMPK phosphorylation. Taken in concert, our results provide evidence that hypoxia- and contraction-stimulated glucose transport is mediated entirely through a Ca2+-dependent mechanism in rat slow-twitch muscle.

PMID:
15657088
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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