Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neuroimage. 2005 Feb 1;24(3):822-31. Epub 2004 Nov 24.

Evaluation of [123I]IBZM pinhole SPECT for the detection of striatal dopamine D2 receptor availability in rats.

Author information

  • 1Clinical Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.


Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and MRI coregistration have been assessed to characterize striatal dopamine D2/D3 receptor (D2/D3R) availability in rats following injection of the D2 and D3R radioligand [123I] iodobenzamide ([123I]IBZM). High-resolution SPECT data were obtained with a pinhole collimator. In order to precisely estimate brain regions of low radioligand uptake, SPECT images were coregistered onto a MRI template with high accuracy (maximum mismatch 1.1 mm). To evaluate an adequate dose of radioligand to be administered without exceeding the radioligand-to-receptor occupancy >5% and to define an appropriate time period for image acquisition, three untreated groups of animals received 29.6, 37, and 44.4 MBq of [123I]IBZM and underwent five consecutive SPECT acquisitions lasting 64 min each. Ratio calculations between specific striatal radioligand uptake and nondisplaceable cerebellar uptake revealed a secular equilibrium between 75 and 355 min post-tracer application in all three animal groups. Consequently, since the highest regional uptake values were obtained in the animal group receiving 44.4 MBq [123I]IBZM, this injection dose was considered to be appropriate. Finally, the capacity of the imaging method to detect distinct severity levels of striatal dopamine D2/D3 receptor loss was tested in a low, medium, and high dose quinolinic acid (QA) animal model of Huntington's disease. Motor impairment indicative of striatal dysfunction was monitored using amphetamine-induced rotational behavior and locomotor activity. Loss of striatal D2/D3R bearing medium-sized spiny neurons was assessed by DARPP-32 immunohistochemistry and compared to [123I]IBZM binding. Optical density measures of DARPP-32 immunohistochemistry demonstrated QA dose-dependent mild to subtotal unilateral striatal lesions ranging from 29.4% to 96.9% when compared to the nonlesioned side. Linear regression analysis showed that measurements of striatal DARPP-32 optical density and striatal [123I]IBZM uptake of the lesioned side were highly correlated (r2=0.83; P<0.001) whereas correlation with locomotor activity was less tight (r2=0.23; P<0.05; amphetamine-induced rotational behavior was not significantly correlated). This is the first study to demonstrate that in vivo [123I]IBZM SPECT and MRI coregistration are highly sensitive and, in contrast to behavioral measures, accurately detect mild to subtotal striatal lesions by measuring loss of D2/D3R availability. SPECT-MRI-based estimation of regional [123I]IBZM uptake provides a cost effective and widely available in vivo imaging technique for assessing striatal integrity in animal studies.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk