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Pathol Res Pract. 2004;200(10):713-6.

Hepatic angiomyolipoma resembling an inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver. A case report.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Clinical Laboratories, Gunma Cancer Center Hospital, 617-1 Takabayashinishi-cho, Ohta 373-8550, Japan.


Hepatic angiomyolipoma (AML) may demonstrate a marked histologic diversity and is frequently misdiagnosed. HMB45 is a promising marker for this tumor and is expected to facilitate the recognition of some AMLs with unusual morphology. We report on a case of hepatic AML exhibiting histologic features that were similar to inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) or to IPT-like follicular dendritic cell (FDC) tumor of the liver. The patient was a 21-year-old Japanese woman with a mass in the left lobe of the liver (70 x 73 mm). There were no clinical features of tuberous sclerosis. Histologically, numerous inflammatory cells, including small lymphocytes, plasma cells, and histiocytes, showed diffuse infiltration throughout the lesion. However, the present case also shared some of the morphologic findings of hepatic AML, including clusters of smooth muscle cells with clear cytoplasm, a few scattered adipose cells, and thick-walled blood vessels. Moreover, the smooth muscle cells consisted of spindle-shaped cells or larger, more rounded cells with either clear cytoplasm or eosinophilic epithelioid cell features positive for vimentin, muscle-specific actin, and smooth muscle actin. HMB45 immunostaining confirmed the diagnosis of AML. The present case indicates that IPT or IPT-like FDC tumor should be added to the list of differential diagnoses for AML of the liver.

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