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J Biol Chem. 2005 Mar 25;280(12):10914-9. Epub 2005 Jan 12.

Regulation of amphetamine-stimulated dopamine efflux by protein kinase C beta.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-0632, USA.


Evidence suggests that protein kinase C (PKC) and intracellular calcium are important for amphetamine-stimulated outward transport of dopamine in rat striatum. In this study, we examined the effect of select PKC isoforms on amphetamine-stimulated dopamine efflux, focusing on Ca(2+)-dependent forms of PKC. Efflux of endogenous dopamine was measured in superfused rat striatal slices; dopamine was measured by high performance liquid chromatography. The non-selective classical PKC inhibitor Gö6976 inhibited amphetamine-stimulated dopamine efflux, whereas rottlerin, a specific inhibitor of PKC delta, had no effect. A highly specific PKC beta inhibitor, LY379196, blocked dopamine efflux that was stimulated by either amphetamine or the PKC activator, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate. None of the PKC inhibitors significantly altered [3H]dopamine uptake. PKC beta(I) and PKC beta(II), but not PKC alpha or PKC gamma, were co-immunoprecipitated from rat striatal membranes with the dopamine transporter (DAT). Conversely, antisera to PKC beta(I) and PKC beta(II) but not PKC alpha or PKCg amma were able to co-immunoprecipitate DAT. Amphetamine-stimulated dopamine efflux was significantly enhanced in hDAT-HEK 293 cells transfected with PKC beta(II) as compared with hDAT-HEK 293 cells alone, or hDAT-HEK 293 cells transfected with PKCa lpha or PKC beta(I). These results suggest that classical PKC beta(II) is physically associated with DAT and is important in maintaining the amphetamine-stimulated outward transport of dopamine in rat striatum.

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