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J Nutr. 1992 May;122(5):1154-63.

Methionine intake in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), relationship to cataract formation and the metabolism of methionine.

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  • 1Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Young rainbow trout were given diets containing graded levels of methionine for 16 wk. Analysis of the weight gain and food efficiency data showed the methionine requirement to be not more than 0.76% of the diet (1.9% of dietary protein). Activities of regulatory enzymes of the transulfuration pathway, methionine adenosyltransferase and cystathionine synthase in trout liver were not altered by changes in methionine intake. Concentrations of free serine in liver and plasma of the trout were high at low levels of methionine intake but fell as dietary methionine increased. This implied decreased flux through cystathionine synthase at low methionine intakes. Large increases in liver and plasma taurine occurred at high methionine intakes, implying enhanced transulfuration activity. Liver ornithine decarboxylase activity was reduced at the lowest level of dietary methionine used but the activity of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase was unchanged. Eye lenses of the trout given these diets were examined by a scanning lens monitor. Analysis of focal length variability with this equipment demonstrated that, if abnormality of the lens is to be avoided, a higher concentration of dietary methionine (0.96% or 0.6% methionine + 0.36% cystine) is needed than that required to maximize growth.

PMID:
1564569
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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