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Can J Microbiol. 2004 Sep;50(9):697-703.

Ochrobactrum tritici strain 5bvl1 - characterization of a Cr(VI)-resistant and Cr(VI)-reducing strain.

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  • 1Instituto do Ambiente e Vida, Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal.


Bacterial strain 5bvl1, isolated from a chromium-contaminated wastewater treatment plant and identified as Ochrobactrum tritici, was resistant to a broad range of antibiotics, to Cr(VI), Ni(II), Co(II), Cd(II), and Zn(II), and was able to grow in the presence of 5% NaCl and within the pH range 4-10. Characterization showed that strain 5bvl1 could be considered a halotolerant and alkalitolerant microorganism resistant to high concentrations of Cr(VI). This strain was able to grow aerobically in up to 10 mmolxL(-1) Cr(VI). Cr(VI) resistance was independent of sulphate concentration. Under aerobic conditions strain 5bvl1 was also able to reduce high Cr(VI) concentrations (up to 1.7 mmolxL(-1)). Increasing concentrations of Cr(VI) in the medium lowered the growth rate of strain 5bv11 but the reduction in growth rate could not be directly correlated with the amount of Cr(VI) reduced. Unlike the type strain, which was only able to reduce Cr(VI), strain 5bvl1 was resistant to Cr(VI) and able to reduce it. Moreover, in strain 5bvl1, the rate and extent of Cr(VI)-reduction were higher than in the other strains of the genus Ochrobactrum. Ochrobactrum strain 5bvl1 resists high Cr(VI) concentrations and has a high Cr(VI)-reducing ability, making it a valuable tool in bioremediation.

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