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Am J Med Genet A. 2005 Feb 15;133A(1):61-7.

Dominant negative mutations in the C-propeptide of COL2A1 cause platyspondylic lethal skeletal dysplasia, torrance type, and define a novel subfamily within the type 2 collagenopathies.

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  • 1Division of Molecular Pediatrics, CHUV, Lausanne, Switzerland.


Platyspondylic lethal skeletal dysplasia (PLSD) Torrance type (PLSD-T) is a rare skeletal dysplasia characterized by platyspondyly, brachydactyly, and metaphyseal changes. Generally a perinatally lethal disease, a few long-term survivors have been reported. Recently, mutations in the carboxy-propeptide of type II collagen have been identified in two patients with PLSD-T, indicating that PLSD-T is a type 2 collagen-associated disorder. We studied eight additional cases of PLSD-T and found that all had mutations in the C-propeptide domain of COL2A1. The mutational spectrum includes missense, stop codon and frameshift mutations. All non-sense mutations were located in the last exon, where they would escape non-sense-mediated RNA-decay. We conclude that PLSD-T is caused by mutations in the C-propeptide domain of COL2A1, which lead to biosynthesis of an altered collagen chain (as opposed to a null allele). Similar mutations have recently been found to be the cause of spondyloperipheral dysplasia, a non-lethal dominant disorder whose clinical and radiographical features overlap those of the rare long-term survivors with PLSD-T. Thus, spondyloperipheral dysplasia and PLSD-T constitute a novel subfamily within the type II collagenopathies, associated with specific mutations in the C-propeptide domain and characterized by distinctive radiological features including metaphyseal changes and brachydactyly that set them apart from other type 2 collagenopathies associated with mutations in the triple-helical domain of COL2A1. The specific phenotype of C-propeptide mutations could result from a combination of diminished collagen fibril formation, toxic effects through the accumulation of unfolded collagen chains inside the chondrocytes, and alteration of a putative signaling function of the carboxy-propeptide of type 2 collagen.

(c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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