Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Diabetes Complications. 2005 Jan-Feb;19(1):47-53.

Effectiveness of Semmes-Weinstein monofilament examination for diabetic peripheral neuropathy screening.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular and Internal Medicine, Division of Clinical Medical Science, Programs for Applied Biomedicine, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effectiveness of the Semmes-Weinstein monofilament examination (SWME) for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) screening at an outpatient clinic.

METHODS:

Eighty-two type 2 diabetic outpatients were questioned about 13 subjective symptoms and tested for deep reflexes. They were examined using two types of quantitative sensory testing: SWME (using 4.31/2 g and 5.07/10 g monofilaments) and vibration testing (using the C-64 quantitative tuning fork). The patients were diagnosed with DPN when two of the following three criteria from both legs were met: (1) the presence of either pain, numbness, or paraesthesia; (2) a diminished or absent ankle reflex; or (3) a scale below 4 for their vibration perception thresholds (VPT).

RESULTS:

The most common subjective symptoms were muscle cramps and numbness in the extremities. SWME 4.31/2 g at the great toe or the plantar aspect of the fifth metatarsal was the most useful diagnostic test for DPN, providing 60.0% sensitivity and 73.8% specificity. SWME 4.31/2 g was correlated with lower limb VPT (P=.029) and three subjective symptoms including fainting. SWME 5.07/10 g was correlated with lower limb VPT (P=.011), the ankle reflex (P=.013), the knee reflex (P=.031), and two subjective symptoms. However, the sensitivity to diagnose DPN was low (30.0%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The abnormalities indicated by SWME correlated well with those identified by lower limb VPT. Moreover, SWME 4.31/2 g correlated with fainting, suggesting that it could detect abnormalities in the small fibers. Considering the minimal time for this examination, SWME 4.31/2 g is a useful examination in an outpatient setting along with lower limb VPT and ankle reflex testing.

PMID:
15642490
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk