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Int J Obstet Anesth. 1992 Sep;1(4):199-202.

Self-administered mixture of Entonox and isoflurane in labour.

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  • 1Department of Anaesthetics, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, UK.


Entonox (50% nitrous oxide premixed in oxygen) was compared with a mixture of Entonox and approximately 0.25% isoflurane (Entonox-isoflurane) for pain relief in the first stage of labour in 39 mothers. An Oxford Miniature Vaporizer was incorporated as the draw-over vaporizer for adding isoflurane to Entonox. The mixture was self-administered via the Entonox on-demand valve. The two mixtures were given in random sequence for five consecutive contractions of labour to each patient. Linear analogue pain relief scores were significantly higher (P=0.001) with Entonox-isoflurane. Fourteen patients continued using Entonox-isoflurane until delivery. No adverse effect from prolonged use was noted. Entonox-isoflurane is considered worthy of further investigation.

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