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Clin Lymphoma. 2004 Dec;5(3):174-83.

Trials in advanced Hodgkin's disease: more than 30 years experience of the British National Lymphoma Investigation.

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  • 1Weston Park Hospital, Medical Oncology, Sheffield S10 2SJ, UK.


Hodgkin's disease demonstrates an exquisite sensitivity to chemotherapy and radiation therapy. This necessitates investigation of modes of delivering these modalities in the best possible fashion to improve outcomes. The British National Lymphoma Investigation (BNLI) has conducted randomized trials in advanced Hodgkin's disease for > 30 years. The results of BNLI studies have demonstrated that MOPP (mechlorethamine/vincristine/procarbazine/prednisone) chemotherapy is superior to MOP (mechlorethamine/vincristine/procarbazine) chemotherapy; that there are no significant differences between MOPP and B-MOPP (MOPP plus bleomycin); that there is no significant benefit from maintenance therapy with lomustine/vinblastine/bleomycin; that LOPP (chlorambucil/vincristine/procarbazine/prednisone) is as effective as MOPP and has less acute toxicity; that alternating therapy with LOPP and EVAP (etoposide/vinblastine/doxorubicin/prednisolone) is superior to EVAP alone or hybrid LOPP and EVA (etoposide/vinblastine/doxorubicin); that alternating therapy with ChlVPP (a substitute for MOPP) and prednisolone/doxorubicin/bleomycin/vincristine/etoposide regimens is superior to the latter regimen alone; that the Stanford V regimen (doxorubicin/vinblastine/mechlorethamine/vincristine/bleomycin/etoposide/prednisone) combined with disciplined radiation therapy is safe and effective; that hybrid therapy with ChlVPP and EVA and alternating therapy with ChlVPP and prednisolone/doxorubicin/bleomycin/vincristine/etoposide are as effective as ABVD (doxorubicin/bleomycin/vinblastine/dacarbazine) alone; and that there is no additional benefit from total nodal irradiation or combined-modality therapy compared with MOPP; and that treatment with high-dose BEAM (carmustine/etoposide/cytarabine/melphalan) and autologous bone marrow transplantation is superior to mini-BEAM (lower-dose BEAM not requiring bone marrow rescue) for poor-risk relapsed and refractory disease.

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