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J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Jan;105(1):38-45.

Restaurant and food shopping selections among Latino women in Southern California.

Author information

  • 1Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, CB 7440, Rosenau Hall, School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7440, USA. gxayala@email.unc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study describes and examines determinants of restaurant and food store selections in a sample of Latino women.

DESIGN:

Data were collected at the baseline home-based interview from women involved in a randomized community trial to improve dietary behaviors. The interview consisted of both a structured interview and the measurements of height, weight, and waist-to-hip ratio.

SUBJECTS/SETTING:

Participants included 357 Latino women recruited via random-digit dial in the Southern and Central areas of San Diego County, California. Women were included if they were between 18 and 67 years of age, not currently pregnant, and Spanish-language dominant; women were excluded if a family member was on a special diet or was planning to leave the area during the study.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED:

Means and frequencies were used to describe preference for various types of restaurants and food stores based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Independent samples t tests examined differences in levels of importance for preferring fast-food vs other restaurants and supermarkets/produce markets vs other grocery stores. Logistic regression models examined correlates of preferring fast-food restaurants vs all other restaurants and preferring supermarkets/produce markets vs all other grocery stores.

RESULTS:

More women reported eating at fast-food restaurants, followed by full-service restaurants and cafeterias. Younger women, employed women, women living in higher income households, and women living in the United States for a greater number of years preferred fast food. Supermarkets; grocery stores; and discount, bulk-purchase stores were equally represented as the primary food store. Women who lived in smaller households, had a smaller measured body mass, were married, and were more acculturated to the Anglo culture were more likely to shop at supermarkets compared with women who shopped at other grocery stores.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings suggest specific recommendations for targeting dietary interventions for the growing Latino population that take into account differences in levels of acculturation. For example, young Latino women who more closely identify with the Anglo culture and/or who report living in the United States for a longer period of time may benefit from targeted information on healthy restaurant behavior. On the other hand, traditional Latino women may benefit from instrumental support interventions such as tours to large supermarkets.

PMID:
15635343
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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