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Am Heart J. 2004 Dec;148(6):1034-40.

Toll-like receptor 4 gene Asp299Gly polymorphism is associated with reductions in vascular inflammation, angiographic coronary artery disease, and clinical diabetes.

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  • 1Cardiovascular Department, Division of Cardiology, LDS Hospital, Salt Lake City, Utah 84143, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Coronary artery disease (CAD) and, increasingly, diabetes are recognized as having an inflammatory basis. Membrane toll-like receptors (TLRs) activate signaling pathways that up-regulate inflammation. We evaluated whether the Asp299Gly polymorphism in the TLR4 gene, which impairs inflammatory responses, is associated with reduced vascular inflammation (assessed by C-reactive protein [CRP]) and a decreased risk for CAD and diabetes.

METHODS:

1894 patients without acute myocardial infarction undergoing coronary angiography were studied. Genotyping was performed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. CAD was defined as >or=70% stenosis. Diabetes was diagnosed by patients' referring physicians. CRP was measured by fluorescence polarization immunoassay. Regression analyses adjusted for traditional cardiac risk factors.

RESULTS:

Patients averaged 64 +/- 11 years of age, and 69% were male. Asp299Gly genotype frequencies were: AA = 0.911 (n = 1725), AG = 0.086 (n = 164), and GG = 0.003 (n = 5), in keeping with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. CRP was lower among G-allele carriers (median = 1.11 mg/dL) than wild-type (AA) subjects (1.23 mg/dL, adjusted P = .044). G-allele carriers also had a lower prevalence of CAD (65% vs. 73%, OR = 0.67, CI = 0.46-0.99, adjusted P = .048) and diabetes (11% vs. 18%, OR = 0.63, CI = 0.42-0.95, adjusted P = .029), which persisted in multivariate logistic regression analyses. 299Gly carriage did not affect clinical outcomes nor interact with statin therapy.

CONCLUSIONS:

The TLR4 299Gly allele was associated with reduced CRP levels and, in parallel, a decreased risk of angiographic CAD and clinical diabetes. These findings suggest that down-regulation of innate immune responsiveness could beneficially modify CAD and diabetes risk and might provide a novel basis for genetic risk stratification and therapeutic targeting.

PMID:
15632890
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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