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Respiration. 2004 Nov-Dec;71(6):619-24.

Long-term oxygen therapy in Ioannina.

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  • 1Department of Pneumonology, University Hospital of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece. skatsenos@yahoo.gr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Long-term oxygen treatment (LTOT) is very important, especially in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but its efficacy is closely related to patient compliance.

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of the present study was to investigate the compliance of patients under LTOT in the Prefecture of Ioannina (north-western Greece) and to identify factors that might be involved.

METHODS:

The study included 249 patients treated with LTOT during a 1-year period. They were visited at home by the investigating staff (a chest specialist and a primary care nurse). Compliance to therapy was defined by the daily use of the O2 concentrator (in hours). Patients underwent pulse oximetry, basic spirometry, and trial inhalation of bronchodilators.

RESULTS:

Only 67 patients (26.9%) complied with therapy, while the daily concentrator use lasted 9.7 +/- 6.09 h. SaO2, FEV1 and FVC were negatively correlated to patient compliance. No significant differences concerning LTOT compliance were noted between men and women, urban and rural population, and between smokers, ex-smokers and non-smokers. A chest physician recommended LTOT for the majority of patients (86.3%), while COPD was the main reason for LTOT prescription (74.7%). Nevertheless, compliance to LTOT was not significantly higher when prescribed by a respiratory physician. No specific medical instructions and information was recorded for the majority of the study patients treated with LTOT.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results suggest that an organized home care program establishing the relative guidelines is necessary for substantial improvement in patient compliance to LTOT in Greece.

PMID:
15627873
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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