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Development. 2005 Jan;132(2):227-33.

A germ cell origin of embryonic stem cells?

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  • 1University of Wisconsin--Medical School and The National Primate Research Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53715, USA.

Abstract

Because embryonic stem (ES) cells are generally derived by the culture of inner cell mass (ICM) cells, they are often assumed to be the equivalent of ICM cells. However, various evidence indicates that ICM cells transition to a different cell type during ES-cell derivation. Historically, ES cells have been believed to most closely resemble pluripotent primitive ectoderm cells derived directly from the ICM. However, differences between ES cells and primitive ectoderm cells have caused developmental biologists to question whether ES cells really have an in vivo equivalent, or whether their properties merely reflect their tissue culture environment. Here, we review recent evidence that the closest in vivo equivalent of an ES cell is an early germ cell.

PMID:
15623802
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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