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J Biol Chem. 2005 Mar 18;280(11):10141-8. Epub 2004 Dec 28.

p125 is localized in endoplasmic reticulum exit sites and involved in their organization.

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  • 1School of Life Science, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392, Japan.


Transport vesicles coated with the COPII complex, which is assembled from Sar1p, Sec23p-Sec24p, and Sec13p-Sec31p, are involved in protein export from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We previously identified and characterized a novel Sec23p-interacting protein, p125, that is only expressed in mammals and exhibits sequence homology with phosphatidic acid-preferring phospholipase A(1) (PA-PLA(1)). In this study, we examined the localization and function of p125 in detail. By using immunofluorescence and electron microscopy, we found that p125 is principally localized in ER exit sites where COPII-coated vesicles are produced. Analyses of chimeric proteins comprising p125 and two other members of the mammalian PA-PLA(1) family (PA-PLA(1) and KIAA0725p) showed that, for localization to ER exit sites, the p125-specific N-terminal region is critical, and the putative lipase domain is interchangeable with KIAA0725p but not with PA-PLA(1). RNA interference-mediated depletion of p125 affected the organization of ER exit sites. The structure of the cis-Golgi compartment was also substantially disturbed, whereas the medial-Golgi was not. Protein export from the ER occurred without a significant delay in p125-depleted cells. Our study suggests that p125 is a mammalian-specific component of ER exit sites and participates in the organization of this compartment.

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