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Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005 Jan;115(1):134-41.

Identification of a novel mitochondrial mutation in Dupuytren's disease using multiplex DHPLC.

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  • 1Center for Integrated Genomic Medical Research, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom. ardeshirbayat@doctors.org.uk

Abstract

Dupuytren's disease is a familial fibroproliferative disorder of late onset affecting the hands. It is extremely common in individuals of Northern European extraction. Genetic studies have yet to identify the genes involved in the formation of the disease. Mitochondria play a critical role in cell metabolism and apoptosis. It is known that defective mitochondria generate abnormally high levels of reactive oxygen species by means of electron leak and that antioxidant enzyme activities decrease with age in skin fibroblasts. Respiratory function of mitochondria is also impaired in aging human tissues. Oxidative stress and production of free radicals may be important factors in the pathogenesis of Dupuytren's disease. Mitochondrial genes are also included in the regulation of apoptosis. Diseased tissue contains large numbers of myo- fibroblasts, which disappear by apoptosis during normal wound healing. High numbers of mitochondria have been observed in fibroblasts derived from diseased tissue. In the light of this evidence, the mitochondrial genome represents a potential location for candidate susceptibility genes for this late-onset disorder. In this study, the authors investigated the presence of mutations within the mitochondrial genome in 40 subjects; 20 Caucasian Dupuytren's disease patients with a maternally transmitted inheritance pattern and 20 control subjects were matched for age, sex, and race using a multiplex denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography approach. A hitherto unknown heteroplasmic mutation located within the mitochondrial 16s rRNA region was evident in 90 percent of patients and absent from all control subjects (p < 0.001; chi2 = 16.1). This mutation may be important in the pathogenesis of Dupuytren's disease.

PMID:
15622243
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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