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Anal Biochem. 2005 Jan 15;336(2):213-20.

Paclitaxel quantification in mouse plasma and tissues containing liposome-entrapped paclitaxel by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry: application to a pharmacokinetics study.

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  • 1Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Efficacy Department, Research & Development, NeoPharm, Inc., 1850 Lakeside Drive Waukegan, IL 60085, USA.


A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay to quantify total paclitaxel in mouse plasma and tissue homogenates containing paclitaxel, Taxol, or liposome-entrapped paclitaxel-easy to use (LEP-ETU) was developed and validated. Docetaxel was used as the internal standard (IS). Liquid-liquid extraction with tert-butyl methyl ether was used for plasma sample preparation, and a one-step protein precipitation with acetonitrile containing 0.1% acetic acid was developed for tissue homogenates. Paclitaxel and IS are separated on a 50 x 2.1-mm C18 column and quantified using a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer operating in positive ion electrospray multiple reaction monitoring mode, with a total run time of 3.5 min. The peak area of the m/z 854.4--> 286.2 transition of paclitaxel is measured versus that of the m/z 808.5--> 527.5 transition of IS to generate the standard curve. In plasma, the linear range is 0.2-500 ng/mL and could be extended by dilution to 100,000 ng/mL with acceptable precision and accuracy (< or = 15%). The lower limit of quantification is 0.5 ng/mL in tissue homogenates (10 ng/g tissue), and the standard curve is linear up to 1000 ng/mL, with precision and accuracy < or = 15%. This assay was used to support a pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution study of LEP-ETU in mice.

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