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Eur Heart J. 2005 May;26(10):1039-45. Epub 2004 Nov 30.

Left ventricular concentric geometry is associated with impaired relaxation in hypertension: the HyperGEN study.

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  • 1Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY, USA. simogi@unina.it

Abstract

AIMS:

We tested the hypothesis that abnormal left ventricular (LV) relaxation is associated with concentric LV geometry.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Doppler LV filling properties were studied in 1384 hypertensive participants without cardiovascular disease, from the HyperGEN population (731 women, 784 obese, 236 diabetic) and compared in four LV geometry groups; normal, concentric remodelling (3.5%), eccentric (23%), and concentric LV hypertrophy (4%), based on echocardiographic LV mass index (in g/m(2.7)). Abnormal LV relaxation was identified by European Society of Cardiology criteria in 275 subjects (20%). After accounting for significant confounders, E/A ratio and isovolumic relaxation time were not related to the presence of LV hypertrophy, but indicated abnormal relaxation when LV geometry was concentric (both P<0.0001). Deceleration time of E velocity was prolonged with LV hypertrophy (P<0.03), but the behaviour in relation to concentric LV geometry differed in the presence (prolonged) or absence (reduced) of LV hypertrophy (P=0.05), a difference independently related to the magnitude of both transmitral gradients and stroke volume (all P<0.05). Logistic regression showed that, compared with normal LV geometry, the odds of abnormal LV relaxation was 2.3-fold greater when LV geometry was concentric and that LV hypertrophy conferred a borderline higher risk than normal LV mass.

CONCLUSIONS:

In hypertensive individuals without prevalent cardiovascular disease from a multi-ethnic population-based sample, delayed LV relaxation is independently associated with concentric LV geometry.

PMID:
15618056
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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