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J Consult Clin Psychol. 2004 Dec;72(6):1136-43.

Cue-provoked craving and nicotine replacement therapy in smoking cessation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. ajwaters@mdanderson.org

Abstract

Cue exposure paradigms have been used to examine reactivity to smoking cues. However, it is not known whether cue-provoked craving is associated with smoking cessation outcomes or whether cue reactivity can be attenuated by nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in clinical samples. Cue-provoked craving ratings and reaction time responses were measured on the 1st day of abstinence among 158 smokers who had been randomized to high-dose nicotine (35 mg) or placebo patch. The nicotine patch reduced overall levels of craving but did not attenuate cue-provoked craving increases or reaction time responses. Cue-provoked craving predicted relapse among participants on the nicotine patch but not among those on placebo. In summary, NRT users could benefit from treatment that attenuates cue-provoked craving.

Copyright 2004 APA.

PMID:
15612859
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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