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Curr Urol Rep. 2005 Feb;6(1):7-18.

Surveillance following radical or partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma.

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  • 1Department of Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, 66-118 CHS, Box 951738, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1738, USA.


Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most lethal of the common urologic malignancies, with approximately 40% of patients eventually dying of cancer progression. Approximately one third of patients present with metastatic disease and up to 50% treated for localized disease have a recurrence. Although the prognosis generally is poor in these patients, some may respond to immunotherapy and a subset of patients who develop solitary metastases can achieve long-term survival. Therefore, the timely identification of recurrences following surgical extirpation is imperative in the treatment of patients.

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