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J Prosthodont. 2004 Dec;13(4):244-50.

In practice evaluation of a denture adhesive using a gnathometer.

Author information

  • 1Clinical Dentistry (Prosthodontics), School of Dental and Oral Surgery, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA. jpsillakis@yahoo.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study measured the extent to which the performance of a maxillary complete denture can be improved with the use of a denture adhesive. This in-practice evaluation assessed both a quantitative measure (force until dislodgement), without and with the adhesive, and patients' perception regarding the use of adhesive.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 194 patients (77 men, 117 women) who wore maxillary complete dentures were tested for denture performance both without and with denture adhesive. A simple gnathometer was used. Patient perceptions were also assessed by a questionnaire and analyzed for denture performance as well as the effects on speaking and chewing, fit and comfort, and perceived confidence.

RESULTS:

There was a 63.4% improvement in bite force dislodgement with the use of a denture adhesive. A total of 79.2% of the patients perceived better denture performance (bite force dislodgement) with adhesive use. A total of 55.7% perceived an improvement in speaking and chewing. A total of 56.2% noticed the fit and comfort were better. A total of 63.9% responded that they had improved confidence.

CONCLUSIONS:

Use of a denture adhesive can improve the incisal (or protrusive) biting force for patients who wear a maxillary complete denture. Subjectively, the patients reported an improved perception of denture performance and that the use of adhesive provided greater confidence when using the prosthesis.

PMID:
15610546
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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