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Life Sci. 2005 Jan 14;76(9):1039-50.

SLC5A9/SGLT4, a new Na+-dependent glucose transporter, is an essential transporter for mannose, 1,5-anhydro-D-glucitol, and fructose.

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  • 1Discovery Research II, R&D, Kissei Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., 4365-1 Kashiwabara, Hotaka, Minamiazumi, Nagano, 399-8304, Japan.

Erratum in

  • Life Sci. 2010 Oct 9;87(15-16):514.

Abstract

We isolated a cDNA clone of SLC5A9/SGLT4 from human small intestinal full-length cDNA libraries, and functionally characterized it in vitro. The messenger RNA encoding SGLT4 was mainly expressed in the small intestine and kidney, among the human tissues tested. COS-7 cells transiently expressing SGLT4 exhibited Na(+)-dependent alpha-methyl-D-glucopyranoside (AMG) transport activity with an apparent K(m) of 2.6 mM, suggesting that SGLT4 is a low affinity-type transporter. The rank order of naturally occurring sugar analogs for the inhibition of AMG transport was: D-mannose (Man) >> D-glucose (Glc) > D-fructose (Fru) = 1,5-anhydro-D-glucitol (1,5AG) > D-galactose (Gal). Recognition of Man as a substrate was confirmed by direct uptake of Man into the cell. COS-7 cells expressing a putative murine SGLT4 ortholog showed similar Na(+)-dependent AMG transport activity and a similar deduced substrate specificity. These results suggest that SGLT4 would have unique physiological functions (i.e., absorption and/or reabsorption of Man, 1,5AG, and Fru, in addition to Glc).

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