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Appl Spectrosc. 2004 Dec;58(12):1452-61.

Gas-phase databases for quantitative infrared spectroscopy.

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  • 1Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P. O. Box 999, Richland, Washington 99352, USA.


The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are each creating quantitative databases containing the vapor-phase infrared spectra of pure chemicals. The digital databases have been created with both laboratory and remote-sensing applications in mind. A spectral resolution of approximate, equals 0.1 cm(-1) was selected to avoid degrading sharp spectral features, while also realizing that atmospheric broadening typically limits line widths to 0.1 cm(-1). Calculated positional (wave- number, cm(-1)) uncertainty is </=0.005 cm(-1), while the 1sigma statistical uncertainty in absorbance values is <2% for most compounds. The latter was achieved by measuring multiple (typically >/=9) path length-concentration burdens and fitting a weighted Beer's law plot to each wavenumber channel. The two databases include different classes of compounds and were compared using 12 samples. Though these 12 samples span a range of polarities, absorption strengths, and vapor pressures, the data agree to within experimental uncertainties with only one exception.

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