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Mol Cell Biol. 2005 Jan;25(1):414-21.

WISP3, the gene responsible for the human skeletal disease progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia, is not essential for skeletal function in mice.

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  • 1Department of Genetics, Case Western Reserve University, 2109 Adelbert Road, BRB 719, Cleveland, OH 44106-4955, USA.


In humans, loss-of-function mutations in WISP3 cause the autosomal recessive skeletal disease progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia (PPD) (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man database number 208230). WISP3 encodes Wnt1-inducible signaling protein 3, a cysteine-rich, multidomain, secreted protein, whose paralogous CCN (connective tissue growth factor/cysteine-rich protein 61/nephroblastoma overexpressed) family members have been implicated in diverse biologic processes including skeletal, vascular, and neural development. To understand the role of WISP3 in the skeleton, we targeted the Wisp3 gene in mice by creating a mutant allele comparable to that which causes human disease. We also created transgenic mice that overexpress human WISP3 in cartilage. Surprisingly, homozygous Wisp3 mutant mice appear normal and do not recapitulate any of the morphological, radiographic, or histological abnormalities seen in patients with PPD. Mice that overexpress WISP3 are also normal. We conclude, that in contrast to humans, Wisp3 is not an essential participant during skeletal growth or homeostasis in mice.

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