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Anaesthesist. 2004 Dec;53(12):1245-55; quiz 1256.

[Glasgow Coma Scale in traumatic brain injury].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1D├ępartement d'anesth├ęsie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne-CHUV, Schweiz. Catherine.Heim@hospvd.ch

Abstract

Even 30 years after its first publication the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is still used worldwide to describe and assess coma. The GCS consists of three components, the ocular, motor and verbal response to standardized stimulation, and is used as a severity of illness indicator for coma of various origins. The GCS facilitates information transfer and monitoring changes in coma. In addition, it is used as a triage tool in patients with traumatic brain injury. Its prognostic value regarding the outcome after a traumatic brain injury still lacks evidence. One of the main problems is the evaluation of the GCS in sedated, paralysed and/or intubated patients. A multitude of pseudoscores exists but a universal definition has yet to be defined.

PMID:
15597166
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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