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J Occup Environ Med. 2004 Dec;46(12):1196-203.

The impact of obesity on work limitations and cardiovascular risk factors in the U.S. workforce.

Author information

  • 1U.S. Outcomes Research-Population Studies, Pfizer Global Pharmaceuticals, 235 E. 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017, USA. robin.hertz@pfizer.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We document the association among obesity, cardiovascular risk factors, and work limitations in the U.S. workforce.

METHODS:

Using clinical measurements from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III and 1999-2000, we analyzed obesity rates and cardiovascular risk factor prevalence. We examined work limitations using the National Health Interview Survey 2002.

RESULTS:

Obesity increased 43.8% from 1988-1994 to 1999-2000 and now affects 29.4% of workers. Obese workers have the highest prevalence of work limitations (6.9% vs. 3.0% among normal-weight workers), hypertension (35.3% vs. 8.8%), dyslipidemia (36.4% vs. 22.1%), type 2 diabetes (11.9% vs. 3.2%), and the metabolic syndrome (53.6% vs. 5.7%). We also found increased prevalence rates among those classified as overweight.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study documents the association between excess body weight and health outcomes. Workplace weight and disease management programs could reduce morbidity and increase productivity.

PMID:
15591970
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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