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J Biol Chem. 2005 Feb 25;280(8):7010-21. Epub 2004 Dec 9.

Interleukin-8 induces nuclear transcription factor-kappaB through a TRAF6-dependent pathway.

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  • 1Laboratory of Immunology, Centre for DNA Fingerprinting & Diagnostics, Nacharam, Hyderabad 500 076, India. manna@cdfd.org.in


Considering the potential role of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in inflammation, angiogenesis, tumorigenesis, and metastasis, we investigated the molecular mechanism involved in IL-8-mediated signaling. In this report we provide evidence that like TNF, an inducer of NF-kappaB and also a NF-kappaB-dependent gene product, IL-8 induces NF-kappaB in a unique pathway. IL-8 induces NF-kappaB activation in a dose-dependent manner in different cell types as detected by a DNA-protein binding assay. IL-8 induces NF-kappaB-dependent reporter gene expression as well as ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and Cox-2 expression. IL-8 also induces IkappaBalpha phosphorylation followed by degradation and p65 translocation. IL-8 induces c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. IL-8-induced NF-kappaB activation is for the most part unaltered when cells are transfected with dominant-negative TRADD, FADD, or TRAF2, but is inhibited with dominant-negative TRAF6-, NIK-, IKK-, or IkappaBalpha-transfected cells. The data suggest that IL-8-induced NF-kappaB activation proceeds through a TRAF2-independent but TRAF6-dependent pathway, followed by recruitment of IRAK and activation of IKK. IL-8-induced NF-kappaB activation is not observed in a cell-permeable peptide that has TRAF6 binding motif-treated cells or IRAK-deficient cells. IL-8-induced NF-kappaB activation proceeds mostly through interaction with TRAF6 and partially through the Rho-GTPase pathways. This is the first report that IL-8 induces NF-kappaB in a distinct pathway, and activation of NF-kappaB and its dependent genes may be one of the pathways of IL-8-induced inflammation and angiogenesis.

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