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Physiol Res. 2005;54(4):363-8. Epub 2004 Dec 9.

Organ microcirculatory disturbances in experimental acute pancreatitis. A role of nitric oxide.

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  • 1Department of General and Gastroenterological Surgery, St. Vincent a'Paulo Hospital, Gdynia, Poland. marek-dobosz@wp.pl

Abstract

Microcirculatory disturbances are important early pathophysiological events in various organs during acute pancreatitis (AP). The aim of the study was to investigate an influence of L-arginine (nitric oxide substrate) and N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA, nitric oxide synthase inhibitor) on organ microcirculation in experimental acute pancreatitis induced by four consecutive intraperitoneal cerulein injections (15 microg/kg/h). The microcirculation of pancreas, liver, kidney, stomach, colon and skeletal muscle was measured by laser Doppler flowmeter. Serum interleukin 6 and hematocrit levels were analyzed. AP resulted in a significant drop of microperfusion in all examined organ. L-arginine administration (2 x 100 mg/kg) improved the microcirculation in the pancreas, liver, kidney, colon and skeletal muscle, and lowered hematocrit levels. L-NNA treatment (2 x 25 mg/kg) caused aggravation of edematous AP to the necrotizing situation, and increased IL-6 and hematocrit levels. A further reduction of blood perfusion was noted in the stomach only. It is concluded that L-arginine administration has a positive influence on organ microcirculatory disturbances accompanying experimental cerulein-induced AP. NO inhibition aggravates the course of pancreatitis.

PMID:
15588145
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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