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J Hepatol. 2004 Dec;41(6):1031-7.

Predominance of type 1 (Th1) cytokine production in the liver of patients with HCV-associated mixed cryoglobulinemia vasculitis.

Author information

  • 1Service de Médecine Interne, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47 bd de l'hôpital, 75013 Paris, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) vasculitis have a higher mortality rate and more frequent incidence of cirrhosis than their cryoglobulin-negative counterparts. To compare the cytokine profile of liver-infiltrating T cells in HCV-infected patients with or without MC vasculitis.

METHODS:

Hepatic biopsy specimens were obtained from HCV infected patients with and without MC vasculitis. Using intracellular staining and flow cytometry, we assessed the ability of freshly isolated liver T cells from these biopsies to produce IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-2, IL-4, and IL-10 in response to stimulation with PMA and ionomycin.

RESULTS:

HCV-MC vasculitis patients compared to HCV-MC negative controls have an enhanced hepatic T cells production of Th1-type cytokines [i.e. TNF-alpha(30.3 +/- 13% vs. 15.5 +/- 5%, P = 0.01), IL-2 (20.2 +/- 9% vs. 10 +/- 4%, P = 0.01) and IFN-gamma (22.2 +/- 11% vs. 9.4 +/- 4%, P = 0.008)], whereas IL-10, a representative Th2-type cytokine, was significantly lower (7.2 +/- 4% vs. 17 +/- 7%, P = 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

T cell from the liver of HCV-MC vasculitis patients display a significantly augmented liver Th1 profile compared to MC-negative controls. This enhanced production of type-1 cytokines may account for a more severe course of liver disease.

PMID:
15582138
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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