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Am J Physiol. 1992 Mar;262(3 Pt 2):H743-7.

Role of nitric oxide in vasopressinergic pulmonary vasodilatation.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque 87131.

Abstract

Experiments were performed to determine the mechanism of vasopressinergic pulmonary vasodilation in isolated, salt-perfused rat lungs. Administration of a 50-ng bolus of arginine vasopressin (AVP) to lungs preconstricted with the synthetic thromboxane analogue U-46619 resulted in a 66% reversal of pulmonary vasoconstriction. Administration of the known endothelium-dependent vasodilator ATP resulted in a parallel decrease in pressure. The vasodilatory responses to both agents were significantly attenuated by pretreatment with the nitric oxide synthesis inhibitor N omega-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA). In addition to attenuating the vasodilatory response to these agents, L-NNA pretreatment caused a significant augmentation of the pressor response to U-46619 without affecting baseline pulmonary arterial pressure. The attenuation of vasopressinergic pulmonary vasodilation by L-NNA was completely reversed by addition of excess substrate for NO production (50 mM L-arginine) but was unaffected by addition of equimolar amounts of D-arginine. Finally, L-NNA pretreatment failed to attenuate the vasodilatory actions of sodium nitroprusside and isoproterenol. We conclude that AVP dilates the preconstricted pulmonary vasculature via the release of nitric oxide.

PMID:
1558183
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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