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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Dec;89(12):5942-7.

Phenotypic and molecular genetic aspects of pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib in a Greek kindred: evidence for enhanced uric acid excretion due to parathyroid hormone resistance.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece.

Abstract

The predominant feature of pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) is renal resistance to PTH. Pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ia (PHP-Ia) is caused by maternally inherited heterozygous mutations in the GNAS exons encoding the alpha-subunit of the stimulatory G protein (Gsalpha). Besides PTH resistance, PHP-Ia patients have Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy and often display resistance to additional hormones. Patients with PHP-Ib lack features of Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy, and PTH resistance is associated with loss of methylation at the maternal GNAS exon A/B. Most individuals with the autosomal dominant form of PHP-Ib have a 3-kb microdeletion within STX16 approximately 220 kb upstream of exon A/B. Here we report on the clinical and genetic aspects of a Greek PHP-Ib kindred with four affected members and three obligate carriers, who had the 3-kb deletion within STX16. Symptomatic hypocalcemia was present only in the proband, but PTH was elevated in all members who had inherited the 3-kb deletion maternally. In all affected family members, urinary phosphate excretion was normal, but 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels were diminished. These findings confirm previous data regarding patient to patient variation in disease severity for autosomal dominant PHP-Ib. Furthermore, affected individuals displayed hypouricemia with increased fractional excretion of uric acid, suggesting possible involvement of PTH in the renal handling of this metabolite.

PMID:
15579741
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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