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Diabetologia. 2004 Nov;47(11):1998-2011. Epub 2004 Dec 2.

Suppressor of cytokine signalling (SOCS)-3 protects beta cells against IL-1beta-mediated toxicity through inhibition of multiple nuclear factor-kappaB-regulated proapoptotic pathways.

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  • 1Steno Diabetes Center, Niels Steensensvej 2, 2820 Gentofte, Denmark. aek@novonordisk.com

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

The proinflammatory cytokine IL-1beta induces apoptosis in pancreatic beta cells via pathways dependent on nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), mitogen-activated protein kinase, and protein kinase C. We recently showed suppressor of cytokine signalling (SOCS)-3 to be a natural negative feedback regulator of IL-1beta- and IFN-gamma-mediated signalling in rat islets and beta cell lines, preventing their deleterious effects. However, the mechanisms underlying SOCS-3 inhibition of IL-1beta signalling and prevention against apoptosis remain unknown.

METHODS:

The effect of SOCS-3 expression on the global gene-expression profile following IL-1beta exposure was microarray-analysed using a rat beta cell line (INS-1) with inducible SOCS-3 expression. Subsequently, functional analyses were performed.

RESULTS:

Eighty-two known genes and several expressed sequence tags (ESTs) changed expression level 2.5-fold or more in response to IL-1beta alone. Following 6 h of IL-1beta exposure, 23 transcripts were up-regulated. Of these, several, including all eight transcripts relating to immune/inflammatory response pathways, were suppressed by SOCS-3. Following 24 h of IL-1beta exposure, secondary response genes were detected, affecting metabolism, energy generation, protein synthesis and degradation, growth arrest, and apoptosis. The majority of these changes were prevented by SOCS-3 expression. Multiple IL-1beta-induced NF-kappaB-dependent proapoptotic early response genes were inhibited by SOCS-3 expression, suggesting that SOCS-3 inhibits NF-kappaB-mediated signalling. These observations were experimentally confirmed in functional analyses.

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION:

This study suggests that there is an unexpected cross-talk between the SOCS/IFN and the IL-1beta pathways of signalling in pancreatic beta cells, which could lead to a novel perspective of blocking two important proapoptotic pathways in pancreatic beta cells by influencing a single signalling molecule, namely SOCS-3.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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