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Melanoma Res. 2004 Dec;14(6):479-85.

N-glycoproteins bearing beta1-6 branched oligosaccharides from the A375 human melanoma cell line analysed by tandem mass spectrometry.

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  • 1Laboratory for Glycobiology, Institute of Zoology, Department of Animal Physiology, Jagiellonian University, Ingardena 6, 30-060 Kraków, Poland.


Tumour-associated alterations of cell surface glycosylation play a crucial role in the adhesion and metastasis of cancer cells. It is well known that the metastatic potential is associated with increased GlcNAc beta1-6 branching in N-glycans of tumour cells specifically recognized by a lectin from Phaseolus vulgaris leukoagglutinin (PHA-L). We identified proteins bearing GlcNAc beta1-6 branched N-glycans in the A375 human melanoma cell line by affinity chromatography separation on a PHA-L agarose column, followed by immunoidentification and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) analysis. Amongst the proteins identified were integrin subunits alpha2, alpha3, alpha5 and beta1, as well as N-cadherin and lysosome-associated membrane proteins (LAMP-1 and LAMP-2). In addition, L1, Mac-2 binding protein (Mac-2-BP), activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule/CD166 (ALCAM) and melanotransferrin were shown to react with PHA-L. Some of these proteins are connected mainly with nervous tissues or the immune system and play a crucial role in cell adhesion processes. The presence of GlcNAc beta1-6 branched oligosaccharides in these proteins may influence their adhesion properties, reducing adhesion of the cells to the extracellular matrix (ECM) and thus facilitating tumour cell invasion.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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