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The relationship between relative's Expressed Emotion and schizophrenic relapse: an Australian replication.

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  • 1Palmerston Unit, Hornsby Hospital, UK.

Abstract

We report a predictive study, carried out in Sydney Australia, investigating the association between the Expressed Emotion (EE) status of the household to which the patient is discharged and schizophrenic relapse. Expressed Emotion was not related to illness severity either at admission or discharge, but was related to variables reflecting chronicity and employment history. There was a significant association between returning to a high EE household and both re-hospitalisation and relapse. The significant association between EE and relapse held only for: patients not on medication, males, and those patients in high contact with their relatives. A discriminant function analysis found that decline in occupational status and the number of critical comments expressed by the relative were the strongest predictors of relapse. The results presented here are consistent with the majority of published reports on EE and relapse and contradict the negative findings of a recently published but smaller study also carried out in Sydney.

PMID:
1557676
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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