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Genes Cells. 2004 Dec;9(12):1213-26.

Differentiation status dependent function of FOG-1.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.


The molecular interactions between transcription factors and cofactors play crucial roles in various biological processes, including haematopoiesis. FOG-1 is a cognate cofactor of GATA-1, and the FOG-1/GATA-1 complex is essential for the haematopoietic differentiation of erythroid cells and megakaryocytes. In order to elucidate the biological functions of FOG-1 in the different contexts of cell differentiation, we analysed the effects of FOG-1 expression on haematopoietic cell differentiation, using a combination of in vitro differentiation of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells and conditional gene expression. FOG-1 suppressed the proliferation of primitive and definitive erythroid cells in all stages of differentiation. However, FOG-1 inhibited and enhanced megakaryopoiesis in the early and late differentiation stages, respectively, through different molecular mechanisms. In addition, FOG-1 inhibited the proliferation of ES cells, the molecular mechanism of which differs from those of erythroid and megakaryocytic cells. These results suggest that FOG-1 functions in a cell differentiation context-dependent manner.

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