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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004 Nov 15;225(10):1541-4.

Current status of aquatic species biologics.

Author information

  • 1Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank, Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.


No vaccine is a substitute for good management and diligent biosecurity in an aquaculture facility. It is always important to ensure the best water quality possible, provide quality nutrition, avoid overcrowding of tanks and raceways, remove dead fish to prevent pathogen buildup and spread, and reduce or eliminate unnecessary stress on fish. Use of a preventive medicine vaccine program and improved management can help ensure good health in a fish population and reduce the industries' use of therapeutic agents.

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