Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Diabetes. 2004 Dec;53 Suppl 3:S215-9.

The high-fat diet-fed mouse: a model for studying mechanisms and treatment of impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes.

Author information

  • 1Dept. of Medicine, Biomedical Center (BMC), B11, S-221 84 Lund, Sweden.


This study characterizes the high-fat diet-fed mouse as a model for impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and type 2 diabetes. Female C57BL/6J mice were fed a high-fat diet (58% energy by fat) or a normal diet (11% fat). Body weight was higher in mice fed the high-fat diet already after the first week, due to higher dietary intake in combination with lower metabolic efficiency. Circulating glucose increased after 1 week on high-fat diet and remained elevated at a level of approximately 1 mmol/l throughout the 12-month study period. In contrast, circulating insulin increased progressively by time. Intravenous glucose challenge revealed a severely compromised insulin response in association with marked glucose intolerance already after 1 week. To illustrate the usefulness of this model for the development of new treatment, mice were fed an orally active inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (LAF237) in the drinking water (0.3 mg/ml) for 4 weeks. This normalized glucose tolerance, as judged by an oral glucose tolerance test, in association with augmented insulin secretion. We conclude that the high-fat diet-fed C57BL/6J mouse model is a robust model for IGT and early type 2 diabetes, which may be used for studies on pathophysiology and development of new treatment.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk