Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2005 Feb 25;280(8):6802-15. Epub 2004 Nov 19.

p27Kip1 and cyclin D1 are necessary for focal adhesion kinase regulation of cell cycle progression in glioblastoma cells propagated in vitro and in vivo in the scid mouse brain.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA.


We have reported previously that the expression of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is elevated in glioblastomas and that expression of FAK promotes the proliferation of glioblastoma cells propagated in either soft agar or in the C.B.17 severe combined immunodeficiency (scid) mouse brain. We therefore determined the effect of FAK on cell cycle progression in these cells. We found that overexpression of wild-type FAK promoted exit from G(1) in monolayer cultures of glioblastoma cells, enhanced the expression of cyclins D1 and E while reducing the expression of p27(Kip1) and p21(Waf1), and enhanced the kinase activity of the cyclin D1-cyclin-dependent kinase-4 (cdk4) complex. Transfection of the monolayers with a FAK molecule in which the autophosphorylation site is mutated (FAK397F) inhibited exit from G(1) and reduced the expression of cyclins D1 and E while enhancing the expression of p27(Kip1) and p21(Waf1). Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated down-regulation of cyclin D1 inhibited the enhancement of cell cycle progression observed on expression of wild-type FAK, whereas siRNA-mediated down-regulation of cyclin E had no effect. siRNA-mediated down-regulation of p27(Kip1) overcame the inhibition of cell cycle progression observed on expression of FAK397F, whereas down-regulation of p21(Waf1) had no effect. These results were confirmed in vivo in the scid mouse brain xenograft model in which propagation of glioblastoma cells expressing FAK397F resulted in a 50% inhibition of tumor growth and inhibited exit from G(1). Taken together, our results indicate that FAK promotes proliferation of glioblastoma cells by enhancing exit from G(1) through a mechanism that involves cyclin D1 and p27(Kip1).

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk