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Health Phys. 2004 Nov;87(5):507-11.

Specific absorbed fractions for internal photon emitters calculated for a tomographic model of a pregnant woman.

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  • 1Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics Programs, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, USA.


Specific absorbed fractions are essential for calculation of radiation dose from internal emitters. Existing specific absorbed fractions for pregnant women were calculated using the stylized models; in this work, a partial-body tomographic model for a pregnant woman was constructed from a rare set of CT images. Based on this tomographic model, the Monte Carlo code, EGS4-VLSI, was used to derive specific absorbed fractions. Monoenergetic, isotropic photon emitters from 15 keV to 4 MeV were distributed in different source organs, and doses were calculated to many target regions in the body. Even though the results showed general agreement with previous studies for higher energies, significant differences were also found, especially for lower energies. The main reasons for the differences are due to the variation of mass, geometry, and organ distances, and they demonstrate the influence of more realistic body models on dose calculations.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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